Nail disorders are rarely disabling or even painful. But they are a nuisance. One of the most common problems is the mushroom fungus (onychomysosis medical) – about 15% of people have, including nearly half of the over 70 years.
This infection has received a lot of press and publicity, as there are therapies that are successful at eradicating these infections.
A quick overview of the disease can really help us get rid of it.
The body normally hosts a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi. Some of them are useful for the body. Others can multiply quickly and form infections. Fungi can live on the dead tissues of the hair, nails and outer layers of the skin. An infection of nail fungus (called onychomycosis) occurs when fungi infect one or more of your nails. Onychomycosis usually begins with a white or yellow spot under the tip of the nail or nail. This usually affects toenails rather than nails. The infection feeds on your skin and your nails, so that it can continue to grow and spread to other nails. Your nails may look "different", be so thick that they are difficult to cut, and can cause you discomfort, pain or sensitivity that disrupts daily activities. The prevalence of onychomycosis is about 15% in the adult population.
Fungus infections account for about half of all nail disorders. These infections usually develop on nails continually exposed to hot, humid environments, such as sweaty shoes or shower floors. Nail infections can be difficult to treat and can recur often.
What are the symptoms of nail infection?
Not everyone can have a fungal infection of the nails. They are particularly common in people with diabetes or circulation problems. Children rarely have fungal infections of the nails.
Primarily, you can see, feel or feel a fungal nail infection once it's installed.
· Nails may appear brownish, yellowish or have small white spots. Some may even be brown or black.
· Nails can become flaky, brittle and chipped.
· Pieces of "dirt" or debris can accumulate under your fingernails.
Your nails can smell bad.
· Nails can become so thick that wearing shoes causes pain.
· The discomfort caused by the infection can make walking, working or other activities difficult.
These symptoms may not improve. In fact, if fungal infections of the nails are not treated, they can worsen.
First, your health care professional will take a close look at your nails. If your health care provider thinks you have nail fungus, he can perform a test. Your health care provider can cut a small piece of your fingernail so that it can be examined. It can be examined at the office or sent to a laboratory. This is the only way to know if you really have fungal infections of the nails. The sooner you see your doctor and you receive a diagnosis, the sooner you can prevent the infection from getting worse and start seeing healthier nails grow back. Fungal nail infections can be difficult to treat and can become a reservoir for fungal organisms, causing their recurrence in the skin or nails.
What are the causes of nail infection and how did you catch it?
Nail fungus is made up of tiny organisms that can infect nails and fingernails. These organisms are called dermatophytes. Nail fungus is very common.The fungus of the nail moves under the nail. The nail provides a safe place for the fungus and protects it as it grows. Anything that damages a fingernail can facilitate the movement of the fungus, such as:
· An injury (such as hitting a nail with a hammer)
· Tight shoes that pinch toes
Other risk factors that may increase the risk of developing nail fungus are:
· Wear socks and shoes that impede ventilation and do not absorb not sweating
· Sweating heavily
· Walking barefoot in damp public places such as swimming pools, gymnasiums and showers
· People whose hands are often wet (dishwasher in restaurants and professional homes, for example) cleaners) are more likely to have fungal nail infections.
That's why it's so hard to reach and stop nail fungus. Most of the time, nail fungus appears in the nails. This is because the socks and shoes keep the nails of the feet dark, warm and wet. This is a perfect place for mushroom growth. The organisms that make up the nail fungus can sometimes spread from one person to another because these organisms can live where the air is often wet and barefoot. This can happen in places such as shower stalls, bathrooms or locker rooms. Nail fungus can also spread from one of your nails to other nails. People with diabetes are almost three times more likely to have a fungal nail infection. Because people with diabetes have circulation problems, untreated, the infection can often lead to more serious health problems on the foot.
How to take care of the infection?
Here's what you can do to take care of your nails if you have a fungal infection:
· Keep your nails shortened and remove any thick spots.
· Do not use the same nail clipper or file on healthy nails and infected nails. If you have your manicured nails professionally, you must bring your own nail files and house cutters.
· Wear waterproof gloves for wet work (such as dishes or floors). To protect your fingers, wear 100% cotton gloves for dry work.
· Wear 100% cotton socks. Change your socks when they are wet with sweat or if your feet are wet. Put on clean, dry socks every day.
· Wear shoes with good support and ample space for toes. Do not wear sharp shoes that squeeze your toes together.
· Avoid walking barefoot in public places, such as locker rooms.
Here are some simple steps to follow for your infection. The first step to beat the nail fungus is to get a diagnosis. Your doctor will probably examine your nails first. Knowing the cause of your infection helps determine the best treatment. When your doctor diagnoses your infection, he will prescribe (most often) oral antifungal medications. It is quite impossible to beat the mushroom without proper drugs.
Nowadays, there is a very effective drug for treating nail fungus. Lamisil (terbinafine hydrochloride) is prescribed for the treatment of onychomycosis of the nail or nail due to dermatophytes. Terbinafine is part of a class of medications called antifungals. It works by stopping the growth of fungi. The fungus under your nails is attracted to keratin, one of the substances found in your nails and your skin. The fungus feeds on keratin deep under the nail in the nail bed. Terbinafine is also attracted to keratin. It can be there to attack the infection.
The surface treatments may not be able to reach it in sufficient quantities, so that terbinafine hydrochloride is administered orally in tablet form, which is absorbed by the bloodstream to reach the infection. Lamisil tablets are the No. 1 prescribed treatment for nail fungus infection worldwide. And because fungal nail infection can be so difficult to treat, Lamisil tablets medication will remain in the nail bed months after your prescription and will continue to produce clearer nails and healthier.Terbinafine comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It is usually taken for 6 weeks for the fungus nail and once a day for 12 weeks for the fingernail fungus, but you will not see the final result of the treatment until the nail repels. completely. It can take four to twelve months to clear an infection.
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