Bariatric surgery is a surgical measure aimed at reducing patient weight. Unlike liposuction, this operation makes it possible to have limited container space for incoming food.
Bariatric Surgery Definitions
Bariatric surgery is an operation technique for weight loss in obese / obese patients where other methods such as diet, exercise and other treatments are ineffective. This happens with the manipulation of gastrointestinal anatomy, which limits the incoming food and is absorbed by the body.
Bariatric Surgery Types
There are two types of approaches:
A. Restrictive surgery – This type of surgery is intended to limit the body’s ability to consume food; This is done by shrinking the size of the stomach.
B. Malabsorption Surgery – This type of surgery aims to change the process of food absorption. This operation also surrounds certain parts of the gastrointestinal tract so that this operation can also limit the possibility of calorie absorption in the body.
Most of these operations are done by changing the shape of the digestive tract, which affects the diet and the absorption of food in the body. Here is bariatric surgery type usually done to get a person to lose weight:
1. Gastric Banding Operation – This operation includes restrictive methods. This operation is done by installing a ring / ribbon of silicone material that can be filled with water so that the pin becomes smaller, thus reducing the consumption of food. This ring / band can be adjusted by adding or reducing the water pump into it. But the loss of weight loss is not too drastic.
2. Sleeve Gastrectomy – This operation also contains restrictive methods. This operation shrinks and cuts about 75% -80% of the patient’s stomach so that the stomach will be tubular and only 20-25% of normal size. This operation is relatively simple and low risk, making it a top choice for obese patients. The advantage of this operation is that this operation does not affect the intestine so that the body can still absorb nutrients to the fullest.
3. Gastric bypass surgery – This type of operation combines restrictive and malabsorptive methods. This operation makes the bypass from the top of the stomach directly into the small intestine, without passing through the bottom of the stomach and intestine 12 fingers. This operation prevents the body from absorbing too much maternity nutrition, resulting in significantly more weight loss than the two previous methods.
To find out which method is appropriate and good for you, discuss it with your doctor.
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Who is a Candidate for Bariatric Surgery?
Perhaps you consider yourself fat and interested in undergoing bariatric surgery. But unfortunately there are some conditions that must be met if you want to perform this medical action, namely:
- Has a body mass index of more than 40 kg / m2. This operation will only be done on people who have a very fat body.
- Having a body mass index of more than 35 kg / m2 and having certain chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure associated with obesity.
- Failed to lose weight otherwise. For those who have tried different ways, such as a healthy diet and exercise routine, but the weight can not go down, can perform this medical action.
- Commit to adopt a healthy lifestyle after successful review of bariatric surgery and regularly check out to a doctor.
- Dare to take risks that can happen.
If you have all of the above conditions and are interested in doing this, you can consult and ask your doctor if this is good for your health.
Bariatric Surgery Benefits
- Significant weight loss. Bariatric surgery is very effective in overcoming severe obesity. Most patients can lose weight significantly and last for a long time.
- Reduce the risk of disease. By losing weight, the risk of diseases such as diabetes, heart attack, cholesterol, respiratory diseases, joint pain and reduced stroke risk. Even this operation can cope with high blood pressure and become a therapy for treating diabetes.
- Expected lifetime increased. Research studies show that patients undergoing these operations are older and less likely to be affected by obesity complications than obese patients who do not undergo surgery.
- Better quality of life. Weight loss after surgery improves self-esteem, mobility, sexual life and better mental health.
How much weight do I get if I do this Surgery?
How much weight loss actually happens depends on each individual whether he ate a good diet or not. However, weight loss usually occurs between 18-24 months after having undergone bariatric surgery.
The weight loss you get when 6 months after surgery is 30-40% of your body weight before. Meanwhile, after a year you will lose about 45 kg.
But it is actually dependent on diet and lifestyle every day. If you do not commit to living a healthy life, it is not impossible for your weight to rise again in the future.
What are the risks and side effects of bariatric surgery?
Although promising, this bariatric operation has various risks and side effects that may occur. Here is the risk:
- Lack of certain nutrients. Changing the digestive tract can cause the body to not absorb nutrients to the maximum.
- The formation of gallstones.
- Blood clots occur in the legs or lungs.
- The stomach binder can proceed to other organs. This causes the second digestive tract to be blocked.
Notes, the bariatric surgery is not an immediate and magical act. This operation only minimise the stomach to inhibit the absorption of food.
This operation also does not determine the results of the weight you want. However, depending on how you commit to changing the consumption of food to be healthier with fewer amounts. In addition to doing physical exercise, avoiding stress, and getting enough sleep.