Snoring and excessive sleepiness are the two main symptoms of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea, which means stopping breathing during sleep, can have a direct impact on the health and quality of life.
Sleep apnea occurs when the respiratory muscles relax during sleep. As a result the airway narrows to clog up as a result no air can pass. Stopping breath episodes can occur for 10 seconds to over a minute. Because of shortness, the brain will awaken for a moment to draw breath, unwittingly the sufferer. As a result the process of sleep so disjointed and the patient will feel always drowsy all day. Stop breath can occur hundreds of times a night.
This stopping period of breath causes a drastic change in the oxygen and blood pressure levels of a person. If sleep apnea is left, your body will continue to burden and eventually lead to many diseases. Here are 8 health risks associated with snoring:
High blood pressure.
Various studies have proven that sleep apnea is one of the main causes of hypertension. Increased blood pressure is directly related to the severity of sleep apnea. The more severe the degree of sleep apnea, the more weight is also the increase in blood pressure.
Increased blood pressure can also be experienced by children who suffer from sleep apnea. Since 2003 through JNC 7 document, Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure has included sleep apnea as one of the main causes of hypertension. Since then, the treatment of sleep apnea has been included in the management of hypertension.
Unheated sleep apnea is one of the risk factors for heart disease. Heart disease was the leading cause of death in the United States in 2005. Sleep apnea increases the risk of irregular heartbeat, coronary heart disease, heart attack and congestive heart disease. A study in 2006 revealed in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology states that sleep apnea even affects the shape of a person’s heart. The heart of sleep apnea sufferers swell and thickens the wall on one side, and decreases the ability to pump.
Sleep apnea increases a person’s risk of stroke (number 3 cause of death in the United States in 2005.) Increased blood viscosity in sleep apnea sufferers is a major cause of increased risk of stroke.
Research in the journal Sleep in 2008 provides images of brain imaging that prove permanent damage to the brain of sleep apnea sufferers. Damage occurs in the part of the brain that controls memory, emotions and blood pressure.
Research shows that depression is common in people with sleep apnea. Even mild sleep apnea alone increases the risk of depression. Increased risk of depression will increase as the degree of severity of respiratory arrest is experienced.
Sleep apnea will disrupt metabolism until the body does not tolerate glucose and is also resistant to insulin. Type 2 diabetes, also one of the leading causes of death, occurs when the body can not effectively utilize insulin. Various studies also show that sleep apnea is very likely to cause diabetes. In June 2008 the International Diabetes Federation has issued a guidebook for all health workers around the world to take into account the possibility of sleep apnea in these diabetic patients.
Obesity, in the Caucasian (European) race becomes the main risk of sleep apnea. But not so in the Asian race that has a narrow jaw structure and short neck. The problem is, sleep apnea will increase a person’s weight. Metabolic disorders due to the interrupted sleep causes changes in the hormones that control appetite. Sleepiness caused also cause the sufferer to be lazy to exercise.
Two studies in the journal Sleep in 2008 showed that people with sleep apnea have a higher risk of death than those who do not snore. The risks will increase as the degree of severity of the breath is stopped. Especially if sleep apnea is left alone! While the deaths due to work accidents and traffic accidents must also be considered. In Britain, the local government will temporarily withhold sleep and sleep apnea SIM until the treatment process is done.
Treatment of sleep apnea begins with a sleep test in a sleep laboratory. A careful examination will distinguish regular snoring or snoring with sleep apnea. We can also get the degree of severity and stubbornness of a person’s character. While the consequences of brain wave sleep and heart work during sleep was also analyzed.
Treatment of sleep apnea can be done through several alternatives. Among them surgery, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or dental appliances. In the meantime, gold standard of care is by using CPAP, with a very high success rate. Various studies have proven that the use of CPAP will reduce a person’s risk of suffering from the dangerous diseases mentioned earlier.